The chord of G Major


Goodness gracious G

Chords have characteristics. Personalities, almost. Master composer Schubert even wrote a directory to explain this, in which he proclaimed G Major to be the sound of “everything rustic, idyllic and lyrical, every calm and satisfied passion, every tender gratitude for true friendship and faithful love – in a word every gentle and peaceful emotion of the heart is correctly expressed by this key.”

This description may be several hundred years old, but it can still be useful today. G Major is a nice and satisfying sounding chord, capable of invoking gentleness and calm. But don’t be fooled – it is an incredibly popular chord for uptempo dancefloor fillers, too!

Possibly due to its clean, dynamic sound, G Major is extremely versatile. It’s used in 44% of tracks analyzed in Hook Theory, and can be the root key for all kinds of tracks. From soppy ballads to tearout Drum ‘n Bass, Trap and all styles of Dance Music, G Minor has something to offer most songwriters.

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Gee whizz

Historically, G Major has been a common key for hymns and other religious songs, yet today it is the root key for some less-than-pious tracks such as Flosstradamus – Prison Riot! It is also the root of songs like Ed Sheeran – Hearts Don’t Break Around Here, Taylor Swift – Shake it Off and AC/DC – You Shook Me All Night Long. As versatile as G Major is for songwriters, rock bands and certain styles of Dance Music like Trap and Dubstep, it is distinctly less common in styles such as EDM, House, Drum n Bass and Disco, where the melodies tend to be deeper, more soulful and less ‘in your face’.


Let’s analyze G Major. Like all tonal chords, it’s generic form is a triad – or three notes played simultaneously – and it starts with it’s own root note, which is, of course, G.

The magic number

Every triad starts with the root note and ends with a perfect fifth – five whole notes up from the root. The middle note is really important as it decides whether the chord is Minor or Major. Check out this simple chart below:

G Chord Root (AKA ‘Tonic’) Interval 1 Interval 2
Major G B D
Minor G B Flat D

The chart shows us the simple difference between G Major and G Minor. It also tells us that G Major consists of three notes: G, B and D.

Relatively speaking

Every Major chord has a relative Minor chord that complements it. If you’ve ever seen the Mixed in Key Harmonic Mixing Wheel (AKA the ‘Camelot’ Wheel) you’ll be familiar with the way chords ‘connect’ based on their position on the wheel.


The outer ring has the Major chords, the inner ring has Minors. Look at the left of the wheel. 9B = G Major, and is positioned next to 9A = E Minor. These are ‘relative’ chords – very useful when writing chord progressions as you know they’ll sound ‘correct’ even when played on top of one another.

Minimize the Leap

When playing G Major, you can change the way it’s played and play either of the triad notes at the bottom. Check out the video example below, where you can see and hear the difference between the three ways of playing the same chord. The sound is almost the same and the pitch is identical. These are sometimes referred to as inversions.

These inversions are scored in different ways:

First Inversion

Bottom Middle Fifth

Second Inversion

Bottom Middle Fifth

Why invert?

Inverting chords gives musicians different ways of playing the same chord in different positions on the keyboard – minimizing the distance between chords. That’s where the term ‘Minimize the leap’ originates – something you can easily replicate in Captain Chords.


Flavors and Suspended Chords

We can make G Major more complex and interesting by adding additional notes. It’s like adding spice to your chord – so be careful not to overdo it.

These additional notes come from the overall diatonic scale of the note, which takes a bit of time to learn.

Each one adds its own flavor, which is why they are sometimes referred to as flavors. It’s super simple to add these flavors in our Captain Chords software – you just select the flavor you want and audition it live within your composition.


The diatonic scale of G Major


Root Third Fifth 6th 7th 9th 11th 13th
G B D E F# A C E


Root Third Suspended 2nd Suspended 4th Fifth

There are fewer potential suspended notes, since they fit in between the root and fifth. There are two options, in fact, which makes sense if you think about it: 1 is taken by the root note, G. 3 is taken by the first interval, and 5 is taken by the perfect fifth. This leaves just 2 and 4 as possible destinations for our suspended notes.

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