The chord of D Minor


Serious business

Chords have characteristics. Personalities, almost. French composer Charpentier wrote the ‘Regles de Composition’ (The Rules of Composition) in 1682. In it, D Minor is described as ‘serious and pious’.

Perhaps that’s why only 0.88% of songs analyzed on Hook Theory contain D Minor!

Unpopular wisdom

While D Minor may not be the most popular chord for songwriters, some hugely successful songs have been written in this key, such as Beyonce Ft Jay-Z – Crazy in Love, Miley Cyrus – Wrecking Ball and Rage Against The Machine – Killing in The Name.

It’s great for conveying a serious, earnest emotion with integrity and commitment.


Let’s analyze D Minor. Like all tonal chords, it’s generic form is a triad – or three notes played simultaneously – and it starts with it’s own root note, which is, of course, D.

The magic number

Every triad starts with the root note and ends with a perfect fifth – five whole notes up from the root. The middle note is really important as it decides whether the chord is Minor or Major. Check out this simple chart below:

D Chord Root (AKA ‘Tonic’) Interval 1 Interval 2
Minor D F A
Major D F# A

The chart shows us the simple difference between D Minor and D Major. It also tells us that D Minor consists of three notes: D, F and A.

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Relatively speaking

Every Major chord has a relative Minor chord that complements it. If you’ve ever seen the Mixed in Key Harmonic Mixing Wheel (AKA the ‘Camelot’ Wheel) you’ll be familiar with the way chords ‘connect’ based on their position on the wheel.


The outer ring has the Major chords, the inner ring has Minors. Look at the lower left side of the wheel. 7A = D Minor, and is positioned next to 7B = F Major. These are ‘relative’ chords – very useful when writing chord progressions as you know they’ll sound ‘correct’ even when played on top of one another.

Minimize the Leap

When playing D Minor, you can change the way it’s played and play either of the triad notes at the bottom. Check out the video example below, where you can see and hear the difference between the three ways of playing the same chord. The sound is almost the same and the pitch is identical. These are sometimes referred to as inversions.

These inversions are scored in different ways:

First Inversion

Bottom Middle Fifth

Second Inversion

Bottom Middle Fifth

Why invert?

Inverting chords gives musicians different ways of playing the same chord in different positions on the keyboard – minimizing the distance between chords. That’s where the term ‘Minimize the leap’ originates – something you can easily replicate in Captain Chords.


Flavors and Suspended Chords

We can make D Minor more complex and interesting by adding additional notes. It’s like adding spice to your chord – so be careful not to overdo it.

These additional notes come from the overall diatonic scale of the note, which takes a bit of time to learn.

Each one adds its own flavor, which is why they are sometimes referred to as flavors. It’s super simple to add these flavors in our Captain Chords software – you just select the flavor you want and audition it live within your composition.

The diatonic scale of D Minor


Root Third Fifth 6th 7th 9th 11th 13th
D F A B Flat C E G B Flat


Root Third Suspended 2nd Suspended 4th Fifth

There are fewer potential suspended notes, since they fit in between the root and fifth. There are two options, in fact, which makes sense if you think about it: 1 is taken by the root note, D. 3 is taken by the first interval, and 5 is taken by the perfect fifth. This leaves just 2 and 4 as possible destinations for our suspended notes.

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